In the Holy Days chapter, Leviticus 23, all the Holy Days are listed including the
weekly Sabbath.

Let’s look at what this chapter says about working on these days:
Sabbath do no work Leviticus 23:3
Feast of Unleavened Bread first day do no customary work Leviticus 23:7
Feast of Unleavened Br seventh day do no customary work Leviticus 23:8
Feast of Weeks do no customary work Leviticus 23:21
Feast of Trumpets do no customary work Leviticus 23:25
Day of Atonement do no work Leviticus 23:28
Feast of Tabernacles first day  do no customary work  Leviticus 23:35
Feast of Tabernacles eighth day do no customary work Leviticus 23:36

So we see that there are two days on which no work may be done and six others on
which no customary work may be done.

Just what is the difference?
Is there a kind of work that may be done on those six days but not on the other two?

We can find a part of the answer in Exodus chapter twelve where Yahweh is giving
directions about keeping two of these same days.  He says the same thing as he later
said in Leviticus 23:7&8 but in slightly different words which make it a little clearer,

So that is what is meant by the phrase ‘do no customary work.’ It means that all the
normal work must be suspended for those days except the work of preparing the Feast
meal.  The one annual Holy Day when Yahweh says, “Do no work,” is the day of
atonement when there is no meal to be eaten because it is a day of total fasting.

For the weekly Sabbath this is just a clarification of the original commandment in
Exodus 20:8-11 to do no work on the Sabbath day.

Yahweh made this crystal clear when he was giving manna to the Israelites in the

It took our fathers a while to finally get the message.  No work on the weekly Sabbath!
That includes no work to prepare food.  Verse 23 gives the instructions for the day of preparation.  If we want to eat cooked food on Sabbath then we must do any cooking or baking of that food on the sixth day.

Further collaboration is found in Exodus 35:

Some have said that this command pertained only to building the tabernacle because that subject is discussed immediately afterwards in Exodus 35.
While the prohibition against building a fire on Sabbath would certainly have applied to the construction work too, it seems that the commandment is general.
The construction tasks which would have required fire are mentioned only as part of the long list of tasks and no allusion to the use of fire on Sabbath is made while discussing the construction work.

The command being in the same chapter is no indication because the chapter and verse divisions were a MUCH later addition.  (Long after the time of the Messiah.)

One of the Israelites got into trouble after he knew that there was to be no cooking on Sabbath.  He was doing some work in preparation to building a fire:

The death penalty is still in effect for disobeying the commands of Yahweh.  We are
still required to observe these commandments, statutes and judgments.  Of course, if
we do disobey, we can come before Yahweh in repentance and ask that Yahshua’s
sacrifice be applied to cover that sin.  In that case Yahweh will not execute us for the
sin. But is that what we want to do?  Do we want to apply Yahshua’s sufferings just so
we can have a fresh-cooked meal on Sabbath?  Certainly not!  Also;  If we truly repent
then how could we cook again on the next Sabbath?

This is a small commandment which is easy to obey and we have no need to violate it.
It is really a matter of whether we decide in our heart to obey Yahweh or not.
The man gathering sticks was executed because he defied Yahweh.

Will we be so bold?  I pray not.

Br Tom

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