Sabbath Greetings for 6 - 2000

Sabbath Greetings for 6- 3 -00  Hebrew NT

Reading time 4 minutes

Dear Friends in Yahshua,

A reader wrote me:
I notice that you translate "God" in Jn 1:51 as "Yahweh", when my
Deelitsch Hebrew New Testament translates it as "Elohim", as it also
translates all New Testament references to "God" in that manner.
Why do you translate it as "Yahweh"?
Also, what is your explanation for the absence of the term
"Yahweh" in the New Testament?

Here is the scripture from the NKJV:
John 1:51  And He said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you,
hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending
and descending upon the Son of Man."

The word in question is the Greek word THEOS. Strong’s Greek lexicon says:

G2316. theos, theh'-os; of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially
(with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate;
-- X exceeding, God, god [-ly, -ward].

This is just one of the words translated ‘God’. The other is KURIOS.

G2962. kurios, koo'-ree-os; from  kuros (supremacy);
supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller;
by implication Mr. (as a respectful title):--God, Lord, master, Sir.

THEOS is equivalent to the Hebrew word ELOHIM and
KURIOS is the Greek equivalent of either ADONAI [Master or Lord]
or Yahweh, the Creator’s name.
But KURIOS is only translated ‘God’ one time in Acts 19:20.

When I substituted Yahweh for God I was in error.
I should have used Elohim.
Thanks to the alert reader.
I learned something.

In this case no damage was done because the one indicated
by the Greek THEOS clearly is Yahweh.

The other question was:
What is your explanation for the absence of the term
"Yahweh" in the New Testament?

Good question. First a little background.
In the second century BCE a translation of the Hebrew Old Testament
into Greek known as the Septuagint (70) was made by 70 scholars.
The Hebrew letters for YHWH [Yahweh] were originally used
in the Greek text but were later changed to the Greek word
KURIOS as scrolls were copied.
This change was in accord with the Jewish idea
that the name of Yahweh should not be used.
That idea was gaining prominence at that time.

When the books now known as the New Testament were written,
they were written in Hebrew or in Aramaic, a dialect of Hebrew.
We do not have any original manuscripts written in those languages.
All we have are Greek translations of those manuscripts
from several hundred years later.
When those scriptures were translated into Greek they suffered the
same treatment as the Septuagint had been given.
Yahweh’s name was purged and replaced by the Greek Kurios and/or Theos.

Enough clues have been left in the Greek text to tell us that
the books were written in Hebrew or Aramaic.
Enough clues also appear in the text and in other documents to tell us
that Yahshua and his disciples used Yahweh’s name.

The Hebrew New Testament the reader refers to
is a translation from the Greek back into Hebrew.

It would be wonderful to have the original Hebrew New Testament.
But we are blessed to have the Greek New Testament that we have.
Yahweh has made sure we have everything we need to become his children.
Now its up to us to dig in and study what we have
and follow Yahshua onward toward eternal life!

Friends, may Yahweh bless you on this Sabbath Day.

Shabbat Shalom from Tom and Cathy Schattke

Sabbath Greetings for 6-10-00   PENTECOST !

Reading time 5 minutes

Dear Friends in Yahshua,

HalleluYAH ! Pentecost is one of my favorite Feast Days.
I love it because there is so much action in scripture
that happens on Pentecost.

Let’s take a look at that Pentecost just after
the children of Israel came out of Egypt.

Jewish tradition has it that the Ten Commandments were given on Pentecost.
I have found that that is not quite true.
The Commandments being given is a vital part of what did
happen on Pentecost that year
but Pentecost was the next day after the Commandments were given.
What did happen on Pentecost was actually
more important than the giving of the Commandments !

This verse shows us that the time is very early in the third month;
the time for Pentecost to be upon the children of Israel.
Exodus 19:1  In the third month after the children of Israel
had gone out of the land of Egypt, on the same day,
they came to the Wilderness of Sinai.

Verse 11 brings us another three days along.
Exodus 19:11  "And let them be ready for the third day.
For on the third day Yahweh will come down
upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.

Then the commandments are given in Exodus 20:1-17
and an interesting thing follows:

Exodus 20:18-22  Now all the people witnessed the thunderings,
the lightning flashes,
the sound of the trumpet,
and the mountain smoking;
and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off.
19. Then they said to Moses, "You speak with us, and we will hear;
but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die."
20. And Moses said to the people, "Do not fear;
for Elohim has come to test you, and that His fear may be before you,
so that you may not sin."
21. So the people stood afar off,
but Moses drew near the thick darkness where Elohim was.
22. Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Thus you shall say
to the children of Israel: 'You have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. . . .

Yahweh talks to Moses from that point down until Exodus 24:2

These three chapters are very rich in promises, requirements,
prophecies, Sabbatical Years, and Feast Days. There are laws of
slavery, manslaughter, rape, trustees, travelers, widows and orphans.
There is even a prophecy of Yahshua the Messiah in 23:20-22.

This message from Yahweh gives the essence of
the covenant agreement between Yahweh and Israel.

In Exodus 24:3 Moses tells the people what Yahweh said
and they again agree to do everything Yahweh wants.

Night falls, closing the day the Ten Commandments were given.
Exodus 24:4-8  And Moses wrote all the words of Yahweh.
And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain,
and twelve pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel.
5. Then he sent young men of the children of Israel,
who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to Yahweh.
6. And Moses took half the blood and put it in basins,
and half the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
7. Then he took THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT and read
in the hearing of the people.
And they said, "All that Yahweh has said we will do, and be obedient."
8. And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said,
"This is the blood of the covenant which Yahweh has made
with you according to all these words."
This is the blood covenant between the children of Israel and Yahweh!
From this point on they are bound by this agreement. They are married!

A wedding reception?  Yes!  In grand style, as presented by Yahweh.

Exodus 24:9-11  Then Moses went up, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu,
and seventy of the elders of Israel,
10. and they saw the Elohim of Israel.
And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone,
and it was like the very heavens in its clarity.
11. But on the nobles of the children of Israel He did not lay His hand.
So they saw Elohim, and they ate and drank.

Somehow these seventy-four elders of Israel were given the experience
of feasting with Yahweh in His great heavenly throne room!

It is a beautiful story.
Be sure to read Exodus 20 through 23 on this Feast of Weeks (Pentecost).

Friends, I encourage each of you to take some time this Pentecost day
to review and reconfirm your own personal covenant with Yahweh.
May your relationship with Yahweh grow
to be the greatest of many blessings in your life as it is in ours.
HalleluYAH ! ! !

Shabbat Shalom from Tom and Cathy Schattke

Sabbath Greetings for  6- 17 - 00   Trust and Joy

Reading time 3 minutes

Dear Friends in Yahshua,

A few weeks ago we talked about ways to happiness.
John, Adriana & Jeremy wrote:
“What about trusting in Yahweh as a way to happiness?
Or letting your joy be in Him at all times,
if this is the case you won't be disappointed.”


King Hezekiah [strengthened by Yah] had a lot of experience
in trusting Yahweh in times of trouble.
In 2 Kings 18 and 19 we see Jerusalem besieged twice
by great and powerful armies.

One general said, “I’ve got two thousand extra horses to give you
IF you have riders to put on them.”
But there apparently weren’t that many Israelite soldiers.

King Hezekiah asked Isaiah [saved by Yah] the prophet
to pray to Yahweh for them and
the general just decided to go home!

Next, another great army besieged Jerusalem and
sent a nastygram to Hezekiah telling him to give up.
Hezekiah took it to the temple and spread it out
for Yahweh to read and prayed for Yahweh to help.
Yahweh answered, “And I have covered over this city,
to save it, for My own sake, and for the sake of David My servant.”
35. And it comes to pass, in that night,
that a messenger of Yahweh goes out,
and smites in the camp of Asshur a hundred eighty and five thousand,
and they rise early in the morning, and lo, all of them are dead corpses.
2 Kings 19:34-35 [YLT]

(I just used Young’s Literal Translation because I think it shows an
interesting picture of waking up and noticing that you are dead!)

There is another great story of King Abiyah [my father is Yah]
trusting Yahweh in 2 Chronicles 13.

Of course the apostles in the New Covenant Assembly
had learned from Yahshua to trust in Yahweh.
Paul sends us a message through what he told Timothy,
“Command those who are rich in this present age not to be haughty,
nor to trust in uncertain riches but in the living Elohim,
who gives us richly all things to enjoy.
18. Let them do good, that they be rich in good works,
ready to give, willing to share,
19. storing up for themselves a good foundation for the time to come,
that they may lay hold on eternal life.” 1 Timothy 6:17-19.

As to letting our joy be in Yahweh,
consider that one of the fruits of the spirit is joy.
Yahweh wants us to have joy,
and sends his spirit to us
to bring joy into us.
Any measure of joy we may get from other people
or from things we own or use
cannot compare with the joy we have through Yahweh’s spirit.
We just need to be open to it.
Don’t let the things of the world
crowd out the blessings Yahweh wants us to have.
Friends, have a wonderful Sabbath and
may Yahweh bless you with trust and joy on this Sabbath Day.

Love from Tom and Cathy Schattke

Sabbath Greetings for 6- 24 - 00   New Covenant

Reading time 6 minutes

Dear Friends in Yahshua,

What is the new covenant?
I know there are a lot of opinions on this subject
so our study may be a little unpopular in certain places.
Let’s see what the scripture has to say.

A covenant is an agreement made under seal – a very solemn agreement.
A covenant is an agreement for the parties to do some things in the future.
In the scriptures we usually think of a covenant as being made by Yahweh.
Actually, anyone can make a covenant.

A few weeks ago we talked about the covenant associated with
the giving of the ten commandments.
There were a lot of things the people had to do for their side of the agreement.
They promised to do ALL that Yahweh said (Exodus 24:7).
Yahweh had Moses write the laws on parchment and
Yahweh even wrote the ten commandments on Stone with his own finger.
Moses sealed the covenant with the blood of bulls (Exodus 24:8).

There was nothing wrong with the agreement
Yahweh kept his side of the agreement perfectly.
But the people just didn’t do what they promised.
Yahweh says in Jeremiah 31:32 that the people BROKE that agreement.

Yahweh was very disappointed.
His precious bride had been unfaithful to him.

The New Covenant refers to an agreement to be made by Yahweh.
It is referred to one time in the Hebrew scriptures.

Jeremiah 31:31-34  "Behold, the days are coming, says Yahweh,
when I will make A NEW COVENANT
with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah;
32. not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers
in the day I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt,
My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says Yahweh.
33. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel
after those days, says Yahweh:
I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts;
and I will be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.
34. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother,
saying, 'Know Yahweh,' for they all shall know Me,
from the least of them to the greatest of them, says Yahweh.
For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more."

This passage tells us several things about the new covenant.
1. It is to be with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
2. “I (Yahweh) will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts.”
3. “I will be their Elohim.” As in the old covenant
4. “They shall be My people.” As in the old covenant
5. “They all shall know Me.”
6. “I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more."
There are other statements that may refer to this covenant but this
in Jeremiah 31:31 - 34 is the heart of it.

This covenant looks different from the other covenants we see in the scriptures.
First, there is no commitment from the people, only from Yahweh.
Second, there is no blood to seal the agreement.

Of course Yahweh can do whatever he wants in making covenants.

Did you know that the ‘New Covenant’ was pledged by Yahweh
about 600 years before the Messiah was born?

Does the New Covenant promise new laws?
No! It says YAHWEH’S LAWS will be written on their hearts
instead of on stone.
THE SAME LAWS, just written on a better place.
Written so that Yahweh’s children would follow those ways
perfectly, automatically, as if by instinct,
because it is their nature to do so.

There is no commitment from the people because
Yahweh will write his ways within them and
change their nature from carnal to righteous.

When this happens they will love and follow Yahweh
because they will have personal knowledge of Him

Today we may have a foretaste of this nature by
the earnest or down-payment of the spirit of Yahweh within us.
   Now He who establishes us with you in the Messiah
   and has anointed us is Yahweh, 22. who also has sealed us
   and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a deposit,
   guaranteeing what is to come.  (2 Corinthians 1:21-22)
But only in the kingdom will we be changed
to have the nature to follow Yahweh perfectly.

There is more to say about the new covenant.
We will continue next Sabbath, Yahweh willing.

Friends, may Yahweh bless you and keep you,
May Yahweh’s face shine upon you on this Sabbath Day.

Shabbat Shalom from Tom and Cathy Schattke

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